Monday, May 25, 2020

Indigenous Religions Essay - 1368 Words

Indigenous Religions of the World What is an ‘indigenous’ religion or belief system? When we hear the term ‘indigenous religion’, what comes to our minds? How do we react internally when those words are mentioned? How do adherents of indigenous religions feel about those outside of their social and cultural circles, who know very little of their beliefs and who understand them even less. And how did the term ‘indigenous’ become associated with various belief systems that, in many cases, preceded most modern religions being practiced today? The term ‘indigenous’ means originating or occurring naturally in a country, region, etc. Indigenous religions do not constitute a â€Å"world religion† in the same way as, Buddhism, Islam or†¦show more content†¦The belief in kinship with creation is widely supported within most indigenous religions. In this way of thinking, there is more importance placed on the concept of â€Å"we† than there is on the concept of â€Å"I†. Here, the family or village is where strong emphasis lies. In many indigenous traditions, developing and maintaining a respectful relationship with spiritual energy is paramount. This concept doesn’t only apply to humans, but also, in many cases to the immediate natural environment as well. The oneness of the body and the land is vital. Many think of themselves as mere ‘caretakers’ of the earth, and nothing more, who has a duty to nurture and preserve it for future generations. Certain animals are seen as spiritual conduits, just as certain trees are seen to impart herbal healing secrets. Another characteristic of an indigenous religion deals with the emphasis placed on the spiritual specialists. The general consensus is that anyone can have personal or direct access to spirits or that which is unseen, yet felt (democratized shamanism). There is no special requirement in most indigenous systems that stipulate ‘who’ can commune or interact with spirits, however, as a general rule, many feel that it is best to leave interactions with spirits to those that have been taught or trained through ritual or purification of some sort. Most indigenous religions are not written down, but based on oralShow MoreRelatedIndigenous Religion Essay1785 Words   |  8 PagesIndigenous religions, full of vibrancy and color, are often misconstrued or written off as primitive. Examples include: Animism, a belief system that stretches back to the earliest human and is still in practice today. It is thought to be a dangerous, shamanistic religious practice that is looked up on negatively. Buddhism, a religion that people believe is practiced only by environmentalists and the â€Å"hippies† of the world. The reality is it is practiced by the majority of East Asia. It has a powerfulRead MoreEssay on Indigenous Religion: Druid Religion672 Words   |  3 PagesThe Druids are a major division of Indigenous Religion and are located in the British Isles and Scotland. The Druids are most commonly associated with the Indigenous Celtic people of Ireland. Druids are known to have existed as far back as 3rd century B.C.E. (History of Britain: Rise and Fall of the Druids) The Druids passed down rituals and history through stories rather than through written text so a lot is still unknown about how they lived. There are still many people in today’s culture who activelyRead MoreThe Indigenous Religions Of The World1244 Words   |  5 PagesThe Indigenous Religions of the World Throughout the world there are many various religions, some very common to you and I. However, there are many religions that are common in several isolated places all around the world in Japan, Australia, and the Americas. Many of these religions, called Indigenous Religions are based on nature, and the earth. The practice of these religions is considered sacred to the people that follow them. Many of these indigenous people are fully sacrificed to their religionRead MoreEssay on Indigenous Religions of the World1535 Words   |  7 PagesIndigenous religions exist in every climate around the world and exhibit a wide range of differences in their stories, language, customs, and views of the afterlife. Within indigenous communities, religion, social behavior, art, and music are so intertwined that their religion is a significant part of their culture and virtually inseparable from it. These religions originally developed and thrived in isolation from one another and are some of the earliest examples of religious practice and beliefRead MoreIndigenous African Religions1192 Words   |  5 PagesSan hunter-gatherers and the Bantu speaking farmers in every aspect of their unique cultures; how these two groups met and how they influenced each other. I will also discuss the influence the Colonists had on indigenous African cultures and if it is appropriate to refer to all the indigenous cultures as one collective group of people by discussing what these two groups (San hunter-gatherers and Bantu speaking people) have in common. Since there are no written records of the pre-colonial period, allRead MoreAfrican Indigenous Religions Essay930 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction African traditional religions were the first recorded religions to grace the plains and coasts of Southern Africa and possibly even the world. The earliest group of people living in Southern Africa has been named the San people. It was thought that San etchings and implements found in caves dated back to between 10 000 and 20 000 years ago (Deacon, 1999). However in 2008 the oldest art to date was found in a cave in Still Bay in Cape Town, called the ‘Blombos’ cave. It was named by ChristopherRead MoreFreedom Of Religion : Indigenous People And The United Nations2340 Words   |  10 PagesFreedom of religion is a widely accepted right recognized through various governments and the United Nations. In Canada this right has been neglected for Indigenous people, specifically First Nations. Indigenous religions describe a religion that belonged to the people who are originally from an area. They are known to be holistic and focus on relationships, whether that be with the Cr eator, the land or the people. They often have a common belief that they are apart of nature and it is viewed asRead MoreIndigenous Religions : Native American Indians Essay823 Words   |  4 PagesAround the world, many indigenous religions exist and share their beliefs and culture with other individuals around them. Indigenous religions are unique because in the world today, a lot of people can go back in history and reveal that they came from indigenous people. When examining indigenous religions, there are a variety of cultures within this religion, but specifically looking at the Native American Indian tribes, there were many ways they practiced their culture in order to serve a purposeRead MoreReligious Beliefs And Practices Common Among Indigenous Religions964 Words   |  4 PagesIn what ways might the various beliefs and practices common among indigenous religions relate to definitions of religion as being that which binds back or re-connects people to an underlying and g reater sacred reality? Although western religions have some parallels, indigenous religions are much more interconnected with each other and their sacred reality. After reading this chapter, it is apparent that studies have found there is a greater connection between the people and the earth. WhileRead MoreIndigenous Religions and Their Sacred Reverence Toward Nature2252 Words   |  10 PagesIndigenous Religions and their Sacred Reverence Toward Nature Kimberly Kitterman Barstow Community College Abstract Many indigenous religions and cultures viewed the earth with great respect and reverence. This can be seen through their kinship with the land, their belief in animism, their hunter/hunted relationship, and their origin stories. Indigenous Religions and their Sacred Reverence Toward Nature Most indigenous cultures had a profound respect for their environment. They believed that

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Confessional Poetry Essay - 1640 Words

Confessional poetry is a style that emerged in the late 1950’s. Poetry of this type tends to be very personal and emotional. Many confessional poets dealt with subject matter that had previously been taboo. Death, trauma, mental illness, sexuality, and numerous other topics flowed through the works of the poetry from this movement. Confessional poetry was not purely autobiographical, but did often express deeply disturbing personal experience. (Academy of American Poets) Three important poets who are typically associated with the confessional poetry movement are Anne Sexton, Allen Ginsberg, and Denise Levertov. An analysis of selected works from these poets yields a deeper insight into the individual poets and the broad†¦show more content†¦Much of her poetry deals with topics such as sexual abuse, suicide, addiction, relationships, and sexuality. Of interest is the liberated feminist aspect of her work which can be seen in such poems as â€Å"The Ballad of the Lonely Masturbator†. Throughout her adult life, and until her death in 1974, Anne Sexton plied her unique brand of poetry as a form of therapy and expression. Sexton stated: My analyst told me to write between our sessions about what I was feeling and thinking and dreaming. (Poetry Foundation) â€Å"45 Mercy Street† is an example of Anne Sexton’s late work, just prior to her suicide. Released in a posthumous collection, this poem extends past the idea of confession. â€Å"45 Mercy Street† is a pure cry for help from a tortured psyche which has already decided that death is the only viable escape. Sexton’s work is a case study in severe depression and bipolar disorder. Regarding her classification as a confessional poet, Sexton often disliked the term, yet still applied it to herself on occasion. In an interview with Patricia Marx, Sexton stated: If anything influenced me it was W. D. Snodgrass Hearts Needle.... It so changed me, and undoubtedly it must have influenced my poetry. At the same time everyone said, You cant write this way. Its too personal; its confessional; you cant write this, Anne, and everyone wasShow MoreRelated Confessional Poetry Essay1738 Words   |  7 PagesConfessional Poetry I have done it again. One year in every ten I manage it – A sort of walking miracle, my skin Bright as a Nazi lampshade, My right foot A paperweight, My face featureless, fine Jew linen. This excerpt comes from the poem â€Å"Lady Lazarus† by Sylvia Plath, one of the most famous – and infamous – poets of the 20th century. Many of Plath’s poems, such as this one, belong to a particular school ofRead MoreThe Confessional Style Of Poetry1009 Words   |  5 PagesRupi Kaur’s collection of confessional poems, Milk and Honey, shows her feelings towards poetry as an art. It explains how the confessional style of poetry allows artists to transform their pain and feelings into art. Art is always changing, new ideas are brought about, artists create with different purposes. The art of poetry is constantly evolving, poets introduce different ideas and styles based on the message they are trying to portray. The confessional style of poetry is one that allows the poetRead MoreThe Confessional Mode Of Poetry Essay1454 Words   |  6 Pages During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the confessional mode of poetry, coined by M.L. Rosenthal in 1959, emerged in the United States as a reaction to New criticism and Modernism, the dominant literary theories at that time. This mode of writing worked as â€Å"a model for poets who chose to reject modernist difficulty and new critical complexity in favor of a more relaxed or personal voice† and gave them the opportunity to â€Å"articulate feelings , thoughts and emotions that challenged the decorumRead MoreConfessional Poetry in The Word by Sylvia Plath Essay777 Words   |  4 PagesPoetry Essay What sets apart the poetic style of both modernism and postmodernism is that both attempted to diverge from the traditional proses of 19th century, specifically, from realism. Both also tend to form around the philosophy of subjectivity as both explore the inner emotions of characters and thus use it to develop ideas and conceptions in the reader’s mind. Experimentation is present is both modernist and postmodernist works; however, it takes on a central role in postmodern works andRead MoreHow Can Confessional Poetry Help Us Express Ideas And Beliefs We Wish Our Teachers Know?1056 Words   |  5 Pagesskills applied in this lesson - Literary Elements: tone, theme, mood, author’s purpose, repetition - Poetry Analysis Elements: speaker, impression, context - Students must actively participate in classroom discussion and respond to teacher and peers in a respectful and educational manner. - Open-ended exit ticket response Goals, Objectives, and Standards 1. Academic goal(s): How can confessional poetry help us express ideas and beliefs we wish our teachers knew? Specific objectives (stated in observableRead MoreAnne Sexton Confessional Poetry Analysis1192 Words   |  5 Pages Her style of poetry, confessional poetry, was used in a way to connect with her audience as stated above, and without it, she would have been unable to achieve the level of rapport necessary to reach her popularity. Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal or I, and it began to emerge in the late 50s and early 60s (A Brief Guide to Confessional Poetry). It is associated with poets like Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, W. D. Snodgrass, etc., with Lowell playing teacher forRead MoreConfessional Mode in Poetry of Kamala Das3267 Words   |  14 PagesCONFESSIONAL MODE IN POETRY OF KAMALA DAS Confessional mode of writing has its virtual origin in the mid50s in America. It is hybrid mode of poetry which means objective, analytical or even clinical observation of incidents from one’s own life. Confessional poems are intensely personal and highly subjective. There is no ‘persona’ in the poems. ‘I’ in the poems is the poet and nobody else. The themes are nakedly embarrassing and focus too exclusively upon the pain, anguish and ugliness of life atRead MoreSylvia Plath: The Exemplary Confessional Poet1015 Words   |  5 PagesEmerging in the 1950s and 1960s, confessional poetry was essentially an autobiographical style of writing. Often focusing on topics that were taboo at the time like mental illness and suicide, it is no surprise that Sylvia Plath wrote poetry in this style. Plath suffered from depression most of her life and used writing as an outlet (Spinello). In her works â€Å"Cut,† â€Å"I Am Vertical,† and â€Å"Lady La zarus,† Plath exemplifies confessional poetry through the themes of resentment, death, and mental illnessRead MoreBreaking Up With Daddy: Sylvia Plath on Human Relations958 Words   |  4 PagesAs is inherent within the tradition of confessional poetry, a subgenre of lyric poetry which was most prominent from the fifties to the seventies (Moore), Sylvia Plath uses the events of her own tragic life as the basis of creating a persona in order to examine unusual relationships. An excellent example of this technique is Plath’s poem â€Å"Daddy† from 1962, in which she skilfully manipulates both diction, trope and, of course, rhetoric to create a character which, although separate from Plath herselfRead MoreSylvia Plath is an American Writer who Writes Confessional Poems about her Life1117 Words   |  4 PagesSylvia Plath is an American writer, commonly known for her poetry works. Her poetry can be categorized as â€Å"confessional poetry†, which are poems a bout the poet’s personal life. Her two most famous published collections of poems are The Colossus and Other Poemsand Ariel, but it was not until after Plath’s death that The Bell Jarwas published. The Bell Jar is considered a more personal and semi-autobiographical novel. Throughout Sylvia Plath’s lifetime, she suffered mentally since she was a little

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Singapore Telecom Singtel s Leading Telecommunications...

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Singapore Telecom SingTel is Asia’s leading telecommunications company. Which provides a scope for telecommunication products and services in term of fixed line, internet, mobile and pay TV Headquartered in Singapore with over 130 years of operating experience and played pivotal role in country’s as major communication hub .SingTel has built up itself as the largest telecommunication provider in Singapore and the second largest in Australia by market share and also at the same time the group is also long term strategic investor in six regional mobile operators. These achievements have help SingTel keep its fast pace in the best approach to accomplish its corporate vision which is to be Asia Pacific s best multimedia solution groups. In Singapore, increased competition and quick changing business environment has been seen as the business sector is opening up to more service providers. A standout amongst the most powerful new products is the Next Generation National Broa dband Network which includes with ultra-fast speed network access to the business and residential users. And SingTel serves over 550 million customers around world .SingTel have made the right moves by becoming into the fiber service provider. SingTel also strategically invested in Asia and Africa, including Bharti Airitel (India, South Asia and Africa), Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe telecom (Philippines) and advance information service (Thailand).SingTel group CEO Chua Sock Koong .SingaporeShow MoreRelatedCase Study : Singapore Telecom ( Singtel )1569 Words   |  7 PagesEXECUTIVE SUMMARY Singapore Telecom (SingTel) is Asia’s leading telecommunications company provides a scope for telecommunication products and services in term of fixed line, internet, mobile and pay TV. Headquartered in Singapore with over 130 years of operating experience and played pivotal role in country’s as major communication hub. SingTel has built up itself as the largest telecommunication provider in Singapore and the second largest in Australia by market share and also at the same timeRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Singtel Political Economical Social Culture1064 Words   |  5 Pages â€Æ' PESTEL Analysis of SingTel Political Economical Social/Cultural 1. Stable Political Environments 2. Government Effort 1. Increased GDP 2. Level of disposable income 3. Exchange rate 1. Health Concern 2. Attitudes of Generation 3. Age distribution Technological Environmental Legal 1. Technological Change 2. Automation 1. Whether 2. Natural Catastrophe 1. Consumer safety law 2. Deregulation 3. Tax policy PoliticalRead MorePotential Merger Of Starhub And Mobile Essay1556 Words   |  7 Pages2.2.4. Threats SingTel potential merger of StarHub and mobile one will be biggest threats to SingTel’s number one position in Singapore for mobile markets. With the competitive market, SingTel will have to fight against star hub and mobile one through price, promotions and advertisings since all three companies’ main business are in provision of mobile plans and sales of mobiles. SingTel may need to improve customer service further to create superior customer service that tag to their brand. WithRead MoreSingtel Essay2305 Words   |  10 PagesPossible Future of SingTel Introduction SingTel is a recognized and successful telecommunication corporation in Asia. This essay will illustrate the past, present and possible future of SingTel and the transformation SingTel had made throughout the years. In addition, it will include the identification of changes SingTel has made and also the demonstration on how SingTel deal with these changes through change management lenses. Company Overview Singapore Telecommunications also known asRead MoreSwot Analysis of Sheng Siong7005 Words   |  29 Pagesobjectives of Xperia Active and Xperia Ray: * Brand new image for Sony Ericsson’s smartphones. * The up-market product where strongly accepted among consumers’ social groups conversational hot topic. * Sold directly through local telecommunication companies, retalilers and Sony Ericsson website. * Create awareness via various channel; such as advertising, events and etc. 2. Current Situations 2.1 Market Summary Sony Ericsson’s mobile phones have been targeting market ranging from youngRead MorePhilippine Telecommunications Industry8156 Words   |  33 PagesDuring those times, only the privileged have phones. Many would apply for a phone line, and application process can take up to 5 years, only to find out they have been rejected. In the 80s, the market became more accommodating and new telephone companies made their industry debut. New lines began operating and franchises were allowed nationwide. In the early 90s, about 2 of every 10 Filipino families have landline phones, with most of the lines located in Metro Manila. Less than 1 out of 10 ownsRead MoreCustomer Retention in Telecom Industry5857 Words   |  24 PagesCustomer Retention: With Special Reference to Telecommunication Industry in Sri Lanka K. A. Silva Lanka Com Services (Pvt) Limited, Colombo, Sri Lanka S. T. W. S. Yapa Department of Decision sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka samanyapa@sjp.ac.lk ABSTRACT The landscape of the telecommunication industry in Sri Lanka has been changed drastically since the deregulation of telecommunication sector in early 1990s. Number of service providers has been increasedRead MoreA Study on Customer Satisfaction on Airtel9400 Words   |  38 Pages 1-3 Introduction 5-11 Industry profile 12-14 II. Chapter – 2 Company profile 14-24 III. Chapter – 3 Summary 25-26 IV. Chapter – 4 Product profile Read MoreCustomer Satisfaction Level of Grameenphone Ltd.10333 Words   |  42 Pagesout both the customer and provider gaps. 1.3 Significance of the Study From the organization part we came to know that GrameenPhone is the market leader in the mobile telecommunication industry of Bangladesh. Their growth rate is very high. But in this edge of competition, it is very difficult to keep the leading edge intact. Companies need to come up with new ideas to remain competitive. They need to keep their customers satisfied. So, it is very important for GrameenPhone to know whether theirRead MoreTata Teleservices Ltd Internship Report13209 Words   |  53 PagesA SUMMER INTERNSHIP PROJECT REPORT ON A STUDY OF PROMOTION PRACTICE OF TTEB Prepared by:- Paghadar Sagar. PGP+MBA Stevens Business School Company Guide:- Mr. Chetan Gurjar Mobility Head Of (Gujarat) TATA Teleservices Ltd. College Guide:- Dr. Himani Joshi Acknowledgement:- In the realization of one’s objective man is not an independent identity. It is the combined efforts of the people from diverse circle. Keeping this

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Optical Network Design and Planning

Question: Discuss about the Optical Network Design and Planning. Answer: Network Diagram Figure: 1 Network Diagram The above network diagram portrays that a total of seven personal computer are connected to the network via wired line whereas, one laptop and one tablet computer are accessing the network through the wireless connection. In the above-designed network, diagram has total two routers and two switches. Router 1 is connected to the internet and the second router is connected to router one. Two routers are connected with two switches respectively. Switch one is connected with the router one and switch two is connected to the second router. Three PCs are connected to the switch one, and other three PCs are connected to the second switches which are subnet B and subnet A. The main network administration system is connected with the switch one. A wireless access point also connected with the switch one. A tablet computer and a laptop computer access, the network via access point which is subnet C. The subnet C network, is connected to the internet via switch and router. In the Subnet 3 netwo rk, it has wireless access to the internet. Subnet A System IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address PC1 172.22.0.2 255.255.254.0 172.22.0.1 PC2 172.22.0.3 255.255.254.0 172.22.0.1 PC3 172.22.0.4 255.255.254.0 172.22.0.1 Subnet B System IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address PC1 172.22.2.3 255.255.255.248 172.22.2.1 PC2 172.22.2.4 255.255.255.248 172.22.2.1 PC3 172.22.2.5 255.255.255.248 172.22.2.1 Subnet C System IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Address Tablet computer 172.22.2.2 255.255.255.128 172.22.2.7 Laptop PC 172.22.2.6 255.255.255.128 172.22.2.7 The network diagram shows the various entities used in forming the network. The various other devices that need to be added to the network for ensuring the basic functionality are hub, bridge, repeater, central office server, firewall and many more. In order to understand the significant of connecting various devices, the architecture of the network need to be robust. An essential element required in the network is the Hub. Being a non-intelligent device the hub is required in the network to broadcast the data from one computer connected o the network to another device. The hub is added to the OSI model's physical layer. Thus, it has no acknowledgement of the different MAC address of the devices connected to the network. Repeater used in the network will amplify the signal while discarding the noise. Repeaters are required for broadcasting over a long distance to prevent the distorted signal. The firewall system is used for security purpose. A firewall system can be placed or connected the router, switch, or in between the internet and router. A firewall has two type of functions, one is packet filter firewall, and another one is proxy filter firewall. Packet filter firewall is used to filter the network packets, and proxy filter firewall is used to bypass the access system. A proxy server is used in proxy filter firewall to check the authorized access. A repeater can be used to in this network. The chief hardware recommendation of the network for basic functionality is a wireless router, wires based connection, and wireless NIC. The wireless router is required for the providing internet access to the components connected to the network. The wireless router acts as the hub of the wired network. Furthermore, a wired base connection or Ethernet connection is required to provide standard networking function in the network. The most vital part of the wireless network required is the Network Information Card (NIC). Usually, the laptops come with inbuilt NIC card, but in order to connect any personal computer on the desktop with the wireless network, the system must have installed NICs. To implement a wireless network few things must be considered, those are The environment creates major influence in a wireless network system. Before place any wireless access point, the environment should be checked. Application support must be enabled in a wireless network system. The application can be simple office application, like an email application, file transfer application, browsing application. It could be remote patient observing in a doctor's facility or voice telephony in a storeroom. The application prerequisites empower the network designer to indicate the material throughput, innovations and items when outlining the framework. Coverage area describes the place where users access the wireless network. The users might need only connectivity in their application. In addition, deliberately consider whether coverage is required in stairwells, lifts, and parking lots. These are hard-to-cover the area, and it can increase the wireless network device cost. By indicating the appropriate coverage, it can be avoid the extra expense for wireless network devices. Dynamic IP- Make sure to recognize whether the users are stationary or mobile, which gives evidence to incorporating upgraded roaming in the configuration. The user of mobile will move about the facility and possible roaming crosswise over IP spaces, making need to oversee IP addresses dynamically. Few users, in any case, might be stationary, for example, remote desktops. Security system describes the wireless network information sensitivity which will navigate the wireless system. The wireless network designer needs to put an authentication in the wireless network system. A robust firewall system needs to be installed in the network to provide security for communication through the network. Bibliography Simmons, J. M. (2014). Optical network design and planning. Springer. Dziubiski, M., Goyal, S. (2013). Network design and defence. Games and Economic Behavior, 79, 30-43. Ramezani, M., Bashiri, M., Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, R. (2013). A new multi-objective stochastic model for a forward/reverse logistic network design with responsiveness and quality level. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 37(1), 328-344. Quigley, T., MacInnis, A. G., Behzad, A. R., Karaoguz, J., Walley, J., Buer, M. (2015). U.S. Patent No. 9,198,096. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Mayoral, A., Lpez, V., Gerstel, O., Palkopoulou, E., de Dios, . G., Fernndez-Palacios, J. P. (2014, March). Minimizing resource protection in IP over WDM networks: Multi-layer shared a backup router. In Optical Fiber Communication Conf.(OFC) (pp. M3B-1). Andrews, P. E., Harris, R., Plum, D. L. (2013). U.S. Patent No. 8,495,190. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Li, Y., He, P., Hu, Y., Chen, C., Nie, J., Liang, Y. (2015). U.S. Patent Application No. 14/879,950. Tongxing, M. A., Pan, L., Yang, R., Jianguo, D. A. N. G. (2014). U.S. Patent Application No. 14/338,409. Scherzer, T., Scherzer, S. (2013). U.S. Patent No. 8,358,638. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Bhopal Gas Leak

Table of Contents Introduction Cause of the Disaster Effects on the Environment References Introduction The Bhopal Gas Leak is the worst environmental disaster in our history. This disaster occurred on December 12, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL), a pesticide-manufacturing factory in Bhopal, India, and was caused by a leak of methyl isocyanate gas (MIC) and other lethal gases from the plant (Rosenberg, 2011). The gas cloud emanating from this leak contained nearly 15 metric tons of MIC and spread over the vast and densely populated Bhopal city.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Bhopal Gas Leak specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The gas leak killed at least 4,000 people immediately and caused health complications for at least 50,000 inhabitants with some agencies reporting a figure of 500,000. These health complications have resulted in the death of more than 15,000 people over the last two decades while a large number (estimated at 100,000) still suffers from the effects of the gas leak, with ten people dying every year (Broughton, 2005). Chemicals released during the leakage were deposited in the area around the plant and have continued to seep into the groundwater. Other sources of pollution include leaks from isolation material and residues as the containers used for storing them are slowly wearing out. Tests carried out by UCIL in 1989 showed that soil and water in the Bhopal neighborhood were poisonous to fish and other aquatic life. In 1994, studies indicated that 21% of the UCIL premises were highly contaminated with toxic chemicals. Apart from humans, animals were also affected by the MIC leak: at least 2,000 animals, both wild and domesticated, were found dead. Cause of the Disaster The gas leak is said to have begun when water entered a tank that contained 42 tons of MIC, an ingredient in the production of pesticide. This contact led to an exothermic reaction that e levated temperatures inside the tank to more than 200 0C, leading to a corresponding elevation in pressure. This caused the tank to vent, releasing poisonous gases into the atmosphere, the spread of the leaked gas was hastened by the northwesterly winds blowing over Bhopal (Rosenberg, 2011). The explanation as to how water entered the MIC tank has varied depending on the investigating agency. Union Carbide, the major shareholder in the firm, stated that such a large amount of water could only enter the tank through sabotage by an employee. Somebody intentionally put water inside the tank leading to a reaction and eventually a gas leak. However, the Indian government accused Union Carbide of not taking adequate security measures to avert or control a disaster. For example, the company should have installed six safety systems that would either prevent or contain the disaster, none of them worked correctly that night.Advertising Looking for essay on environmental studies? Let's se e if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Besides, the company switched off safety controls to reduce their expenses- including the MIC tank cooler that would have lessened the severity of the gas leak. The number of casualties was high due to the dense population in the Bhopal area, said to be more 900,000 and a warning siren that was started was immediately put off allegedly to prevent panic. Most of the Bhopal residents were asleep when trouble began at the pesticide plant and many only woke up because they heard their children coughing from the fumes. As the residents woke up, they felt a burning sensation at the throat while some chocked from the smoke. People ran in all directions, unsure of which way to go, amidst the confusion, families became separated and many people fell unconscious and were trampled upon (Rosenberg, 2011). Effects on the Environment Even before the gas leak, the area surrounding the plant was used for depositing toxic ch emicals and this led to the abandoning of wells in the vicinity of the plant in 1982. During the leak, nearly 27 tons of MIC gas escaped into the air and spread over the heavily populated city of Bhopal, spreading over a 30 square mile area. The plant was closed between 1985 and 1986, during which most of the pipes and drums were sold off, however, the MIC and pesticide tanks are still in the site, as well as several tanks used to store various residues (Broughton, 2005). These tanks have worn out and the isolated material is falling out and is being dispersed into the surrounding water systems. The isolated material contains several heavy and/or toxic elements that include naphthol, nickel, lead, mercury, and other hydrocarbon compounds such as hexachlorobenzene, most of which can cause nervous system breakdown, liver and kidney infections and perhaps cancer in the coming years. In fact, several studies have indicated that the water and soil in the area are highly polluted (Brought on, 2005). Today, the location and its environs are still polluted with thousands of tons poisonous material, these have found their way into water systems that are used by the local population. A recent visit by the BBC revealed that some wells in the area even contain nearly 500 times the recommended limit of these pollutants, however, the locals continue to use this water as they have no other choice (Vickers, 2004). The population around the UCIL plant still suffers from various diseases not common among persons living in other areas (Morehouse Subramaniam, 1986).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Bhopal Gas Leak specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Broughton, E. (2005). The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review. Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, Vol. 4, No. 6. Morehouse, W., Subramaniam, M. A., and the Citizens’ Commission on Bhopal. (1986). The Bhopal tragedy: what re ally happened and what it means for American workers and communities at risk. NJ: Council on International and Public Affairs. Rosenberg, J. (2011). 1984 – Huge Poison Gas Leak in Bhopal, India. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/huge-poison-gas-leak-bhopal-india-1779415 Vickers, P. (2004). Bhopal ‘faces risk of poisoning’. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4010511.stm This essay on Bhopal Gas Leak was written and submitted by user N0mad to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Free Essays on Rave Culture

RAVE CULTURE This essay will explain rave culture. The reason that I chose to research and write on this topic is that I am involved with rave scene and enjoy going to â€Å"raves.† From researching this topic I discovered that rave culture displays many of life’s simple pleasures, such as dancing. Over the last 10-15 years, a new trend of parties has been evolving. These gatherings are known in the media as raves, and are often simply called parties by those attending them. A rave is an all night event where usually young people gather in a social atmosphere while listening to hypnotic dance music. These parties have slowly evolved into spectacles of total sensory overload. The first is the social aspects, unhindered freedom of expression of ones self through dance, dress or any other mean without fear of ridicule from others. The second is the dancing and its often quasi-spiritual effects on those partaking. The key to the success of raves is the positive atmosphere, or "vibe". Raves are renowned for people's acceptability and tolerance for others. They are safe havens for people who wish to be free from social pressures. Because of this, many ravers (person who attends these parties) are dressed differently then people you would normally see. Bright colors, clothing with different textures and feel, and generally clothes that is very comfortable to dance with. A sense of unity is formed between the partygoers, they attempt to form a community of sorts through there individuality. People feel free to go up to strangers and start up conversations. They also become very comfortable with everyone around them and try to share this feeling with others. This is a very important part of the whole Rave experience. When this occurs, then the "party kids" can truly feel free to be themselves in every way. This is something quite rare in today's commercialized society which often dictates wh! at is normal, and what isn't. Rave mu... Free Essays on Rave Culture Free Essays on Rave Culture RAVE CULTURE This essay will explain rave culture. The reason that I chose to research and write on this topic is that I am involved with rave scene and enjoy going to â€Å"raves.† From researching this topic I discovered that rave culture displays many of life’s simple pleasures, such as dancing. Over the last 10-15 years, a new trend of parties has been evolving. These gatherings are known in the media as raves, and are often simply called parties by those attending them. A rave is an all night event where usually young people gather in a social atmosphere while listening to hypnotic dance music. These parties have slowly evolved into spectacles of total sensory overload. The first is the social aspects, unhindered freedom of expression of ones self through dance, dress or any other mean without fear of ridicule from others. The second is the dancing and its often quasi-spiritual effects on those partaking. The key to the success of raves is the positive atmosphere, or "vibe". Raves are renowned for people's acceptability and tolerance for others. They are safe havens for people who wish to be free from social pressures. Because of this, many ravers (person who attends these parties) are dressed differently then people you would normally see. Bright colors, clothing with different textures and feel, and generally clothes that is very comfortable to dance with. A sense of unity is formed between the partygoers, they attempt to form a community of sorts through there individuality. People feel free to go up to strangers and start up conversations. They also become very comfortable with everyone around them and try to share this feeling with others. This is a very important part of the whole Rave experience. When this occurs, then the "party kids" can truly feel free to be themselves in every way. This is something quite rare in today's commercialized society which often dictates wh! at is normal, and what isn't. Rave mu...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Final Exam Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 7

Final Exam - Essay Example Though some of these values evolve to embrace the changing times and others may interpret it differently under different situation but the universal acceptance of what is right and what is wrong has given them a strong foothold to withstand the adversities of the time. Barring serious acts of omission and commission, it is increasingly becoming difficult for a person to maintain a high level of personal integrity as very often the personal values clash with the organization’s objectives and organization’s target based results. The application of ‘Ethical Business Leader’s Decision Tree’ helps to evaluate the ethical and legal dilemma of the issue at hand. In the contemporary time, the tree helps to evaluate the actions and performance outcome of the business decisions so as to ensure that the companies and business enterprises conform to the wider interests of their various stakeholders. The tree also promotes a sense of corporate social responsibility and relates the ‘standards imposed by law with those mandated as a matter of ethics’ (Ethics, Value Creation and Risk Management). As per the decision tree, the restaurant is bound to safeguard the interests of its customers by providing them with safe and edible food items. The contaminated sausages pose a threat to the well being of the customers and therefore, not only the whole shipment of the contaminated sausages be withdrawn, the seven customers who had fallen sick after eating those sausages, should also be appropriately compensated. The law also makes disclosure necessary under the ‘prevention of deceptive practices’ and Jerry and his partner must disclose that the contaminated sausages have been withdrawn from the restaurant menu. The decision tree has huge implications for all types of actions and business decisions for all stakeholders. The anxiety of George, business partner of Jerry, is also genuine because they have put a huge amount of money into